FAQ Sharps and flats

From MusiCAD
How do I put sharps/flats and repair marks?
sharps, flats, and natural signs result from the pitch of a note in the chosen key and depending on the history in the measure. By raising/lowering the pitch of a note with <+> and <-> respectively, you can therefore indicate (coincidental) increases and decreases. It is also possible to specify explicitly which accident sign should accompany a note: use the
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on the buttonbar for this.
If I write an F# in the high octave in a melody, and I also want a low F# in the same measure, MusiCAD omits the second sharp. Is that right?
Not really... MusiCAD does not take into account the octave in which sharps and flats occur as random characters. An extra (warning) sharp/flat/natural sign can be added with the keyboard shortcut <W> or by using the
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When tying a note with an accidental over a bar line, MusiCAD puts an (unnecessary?) accidental into the next measure. Can I change that?
Yes, by suppressing the second accidental. Shortcut: <W> (set/suppress warning accidental)
Cb Abm 7 flats
Gb Ebm 6 flats
Db Bbm 5 flats
Ab Fm 4 flats
Eb Cm 3 flats
Bb Gm 2 flats
F Dm 1 flat
C Am - none
G Em 1 sharp
D Bm 2 sharp
a F#m 3 sharps
E C#m 4 sharps
B G#m 5 sharps
F# D#m 6 sharps
C# A#m 7 sharps
I want to record something with two flats at the front of the bar but I can't find how to specify the number of flats?
Accidentals (sharps and flats) are a direct result of the key used. Below is a list of keys and the corresponding number of sharps or flats.
  • Specifying the key signature is done when creating a new melody at the TONE line. The above list also appears here. Specifying a key signature is done with the key signature button on the notation bar. This only changes the accidentals, not the pitch; a C is still notated as C (or at most as restored C#).
  • Transpose is done with [Part|Transpose]. Both accidentals and pitch now change. A C changes to a D when transposing from F to G.
  • Transposing a part for Transposing instruments is done with [Part|Edit]. Both accidentals and note notation now change. At the same time, the 'transposition' is now also taken into account, so that the part is notated in a different key, but continues to sound in the old key. A C turns into a D (whole note higher) but turns out to sound like a C because of 'transposition' (just like a clarinetist says: I play a D but my D sounds like a C on the piano)
How can I notate a double sharp or double flat?
In most cases this will happen automatically when you raise the note to be notated with double sharp. Raising e.g. the 1st stage with <+> gives an additional sharp: in C: C → C#, in F#: F# → F## and thus gets a double sharp sign. In some cases you need to apply enharmonic exchange <x>, or - in exceptional cases - alternative enharmonic exchange <alt-shift-x>. (eg to write down the note D as C## in C...). Using
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is usually the easiest way to resolve.
When I request a piece of music that I made with an earlier version of MusiCAD (before 2.02), I suddenly see double sharps and/or flats in some places. How is that possible?
In MusiCAD 2.01 and earlier, double crosses/flats were not yet possible. An enharmonic exchange that had no effect in version 1, for example, now suddenly becomes visible as a double sharp/flat. Random raises in a key with many sharps will now (correctly) be noted as a double sharp.
In the case of false doubles/flats, check whether enharmonic_exchange was accidentally applied and if so remove it with <x> again.
Use [Edit Menu|Remove Enharmonic Swaps] to undo all enharmonisations.